Lithuania is situated in Northern Europe, spreading between latitudes 53° and 57° N, and largely between longitudes 21° and 27° E.
The Port of Klaipeda is the most northerly ice-free port in the Eastern part of the Baltic Sea.
The port of Klaipeda is also the leading port among the Baltics by handling of containers (314 th. of TEU in 2010).
Snow occurs every year, it can snow from October to April. In some years sleet can fall in September or May.
In summer, 20 °C (68 °F) is common during the day while 14 °C (57 °F) is common at night;in the past, temperatures have reached as high as 30 °C (86 °F) or 35 °C (95 °F).
Some winters can be very cold. -20 °C (-4 °F) occurs almost every winter.
Winter extremes are -34 °C (-29 °F) in coastal areas and-43 °C (-45 °F) in the east of Lithuania.
During the 14th century, Lithuania was the largest country in Europe: present-day Belarus, Ukraine, and parts of Poland and Russia were territories of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
Lithuanian is the closest among all European languages to the Sanskrit, or even Proto-Indo-European language.
Mixed forest zone covers nearly 33% of the country. Of these, about 50% are publicly-owned, and 31% are privately-owned; the remainder is reserved for possible future privatization.
The dominant species are pine (Pinus sylvestris) (42%) and spruce (Picea abies) (22.8%). The average age of the forest stands is 53 years. The largest forest is Dainava Forest at 1,350 km2 [1]. 
Stelmuze Oak, a Pedunculate oak in Stelmuze, Zarasai district, Lithuania; it is thought to be around 1,500 years old, with a girth at breast height of 9.58 m and 13 m near the ground. The oldest tree in Lithuania and the Baltic States.